Standards of Protective Gloves - Explained
Protective gloves comply with different sets of standards defining general requirements and test methods for different types of gloves.
Typically, gloves used in the cleaning industry fall under the following standards:
- Articles intended to come in contact with food
- EN388:2016 Protective gloves against mechanical risks
- EN511:2006 Protective gloves against cold
- EN374-1:2016 Protective gloves against dangerous chemicals and micro-organisms
Articles intended to come in contact with food
Materials that come into contact with food must not contaminate food with hazardous substances. This is governed by Regulation 1935/2004/EC, which specifies the requirements for traceability and identification through the production chain.
The gloves shall be manufactured in accordance with Commission Regulation (EC) 20023/2006 on Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) which imposes requirements on the manufacturer’s quality assurance system for articles intended to come into contact with food. Protective gloves that meet these requirements have glass/fork symbol on the packaging.
HACCP Certification is a similar food safety standard for identifying and managing risk
Most vinyl gloves have the Glass/Fork symbol and HACCP Certification.
EN388:2016 Protective gloves against mechanical risks
The European Standard EN388 (2016) regulate the test requirements for safety gloves that are used for protection against mechanical risk. It is generally accepted that the majority of occupational hand injuries are caused by cuts and abrasions, with most of the more serious injuries due to cuts.
Gloves which conform to EN388 standards are rated using four numbers and one or two letters; which tell you how resistant the gloves are to mechanical hazards. You can use this information to determine if your workers are protected appropriately.
1. Abrasion Resistance
The first number in EN 388 tells you how well the gloves resist abrasion. The number will vary between one and four. Abrasion resistance is important for all types of handling, but is especially important for handling rough materials, such as bricks. It is important to have a high abrasion rating on gloves used in work areas such as gardening and construction work. The higher the number, the better resistance to abrasion.
2. Cut Resistance, Coup Test
The second number in the EN 388 rating shows you the gloves’ resistance to blade cuts. This number ranges between one and five. Work gloves which have a higher rating in this category provide better protection against sharp objects, such as knives and glass. Gloves with a higher number, the greater blade cut resistance, and are ideal for workers who handle sheet metal, glass, and sharp tools.
3. Tear Resistance
The gloves’ resistance to tears is shown by the third number is the EN 388 rating. This number ranges between one and four. Gloves with a higher number of tear resistance are very durable, and will withstand demanding work such as construction, landscaping, and heavy handling.
4. Puncture Resistance
The final number in the EN 388 rating indicates the gloves’ resistance to punctures. This number will be between one and four. Gloves with a higher number of puncture resistance provide greater protection against hazards such as needles, thorns, and syringes. This type of glove is ideal for medical and waste work.
Choosing the correct glove for protection against mechanical risks
To choose the correct type of work gloves, it is essential to consider the type of task for which they will be used. By assessing the types of hazard to which workers will be exposed, you will understand the type of protective glove they will need.
Once a glove has been tested its performance will be represented using the EN388 icon. This icon must be printed on each glove so that it is easy to tell how much resistance the glove provides against the four mechanical risks.
While the maximum score on each performance test would be 4544 this is not to be regarded as the ‘best’ score. Each task will have different risks involved and therefore need a glove with suitable attributes. For example, if you are selecting a glove to use while painting walls then you’ll be very interested in the flexibility and durability of the glove, but not so concerned about its resistance to cuts and punctures. In this case a glove with an EN388 rating of 4131 may be the best for the task.
Examples of gloves with EN388 rating include:
EN511:2006 Protective Gloves against cold
It is extra important to protect your hands from cold burns in cold environments. EN511 European Standards measure how well the glove can withstand the cold. Water permeation is tested after 30 minutes
1. Protection against convective cold
The first number, ranging from zero to four shows how well the glove protects against convective cold
2. Protection against contact cold
The second number, ranging from zero to four shows how well the glove protects against contact cold
3. Protection against water penetration
The third number, is either a zero or one. Zero indicates the there is water penetration after 30 minutes, where One indicates there is no water penetration after 30 minutes
EN374-1:2016 Protective gloves against dangerous chemicals and micro-organisms
Chemicals can penetrate through holes and defects in a glove. Gloves are tested to ensure they shall not leak water or air when tested according to penetration.
The material of the glove might be negatively affected by chemical contact. Degredation shall be determined according to the standard for each chemical. The degradation result, in percentage (%), shall be reported in the user instruction.
The chemicals break through the glove material at a molecular level. The breakthrough time is here evaluated and the glove must withstand a breakthrough time of at least:
- Type A – 30 minutes (level 2) against minimum 6 test chemicals
- Type B – 30 minutes (level 2) against minimum 3 test chemicals
- Type C – 10 minutes (level 1) against minimum 1 test chemical
The 18 chemicals tested include:
For example, the Nitrile Elbow glove complies to EN374
For more information on suitable gloves for certain tasks, please contact us in the office