Spot Cleaning is the technique of cleaning a small section of carpet rather than cleaning an entire room or hallway. Spot cleaning is typically required for a specific stain and a variety chemicals more effective than general carpet cleaning would typically be used.
When removing stains from carpet, the first step is identifying the stain, remove excess soil or liquid, and pretest the cleaning product in an inconspicuous area. Apply the spotter with a clean white cloth and gently dab the stain working from the outside towards the centre. White cloths will not leach colour onto the carpet or upholstery. Pat and blot up the loosened stain with towelling.
Equipment for spot cleaning could be small portable carpet extractors, or larger wide area carpet cleaners fitted with small upholstery tools that spray discreetly and then strong focussed suction extracts liquids.